August 31

3D Display Offers Glimpse of Future Media

first_imgThe 3D display system, developed by researchers at the University of Southern California, uses a spinning mirror to reflect images in all directions. Image credit: Graphics Lab at USC. But the overall 3D display system, developed by researchers at the Graphics Lab at the University of Southern California, is real technology that could one day transform visual entertainment. The 3D display can project both virtual as well as real images from a recorded movie. The researchers, Professor Paul Debevec and his colleagues, hope that the display´s advantages will overcome many of the challenges faced by 3D technology. For instance, their 3D display is autosterescopic, meaning viewers don´t need to wear special viewing glasses to see the 3D effects. The display is also omnidirectional, so that multiple viewers can watch the display from all directions and heights. To achieve the high quality, the researchers modified a video projector to project images at more than 4,000 frames per second. Also, the display is interactive, as demonstrated in this video showing a user controlling the 3D human head with a remote control. It can update content at 200 Hz, or 200 times per second.The video projector projects high-speed video onto the rapidly spinning mirror, and the projector and mirror are synchronized so that, as the mirror turns, it reflects a different image to viewers in all directions.As the mirror rotates up to 20 times per second, a viewer´s vision creates the illusion of a floating object at the center of the mirror. The image is enclosed in a glass box, to protect anything (such as a hand) from touching the spinning mirrors.”While flat electronic displays represent a majority of user experiences, it is important to realize that flat surfaces represent only a small portion of our physical world,” the team explains on its Web site. “Our real world is made of objects, in all their three-dimensional glory. The next generation of displays will begin to represent the physical world around us, but this progression will not succeed unless it is completely invisible to the user: no special glasses, no fuzzy pictures, and no small viewing zones.”The Graphics Lab has also been involved with creating films, computer animations, and other graphics projects.More information: 3D Display Research Page © 2008 PhysOrg.com Citation: 3D Display Offers Glimpse of Future Media (2008, November 10) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2008-11-3d-glimpse-future-media.html Cadillac CT6 will get streaming video mirror (PhysOrg.com) — The 3D objects in the display box may at first look like a product of smoke-and-mirrors trickery. That impression would be about half right, as a rapidly spinning mirror is one important component of the display. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore furtherlast_img read more

August 31

Earliest toothless bird found

first_img(PhysOrg.com) — A new species of bird from the Cretaceous period in China has been identified. It had toothless upper and lower jaws, and provides significant information on the diversification in the evolution of birds during the Early Cretaceous. Citation: Earliest toothless bird found (2009, December 10) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2009-12-earliest-toothless-bird.html Dr Zhonghe Zhou and colleagues from the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing found the fossils in the Jiufotang Formation in Liaoning, in north eastern China. The newly discovered bird, Zhongjianornis yangi, has a pointed snout, and is the earliest toothless bird so far discovered.The new bird was around the size of a pigeon, and had a number of other unusual features, including having a humerus with a wide deltopectoral crest. It probably fed on fish (since the fossil was found in a lake bed), catching its prey on the wing. The shape of its feet suggests it may have rested, and possibly also nested, in trees.Over 30 genera of birds from the Early Cretaceous have been discovered in north eastern China in the last couple of decades, which the scientists say is evidence that a burst of diversification in birds occurred in the 20 million years or so after the earliest bird, Archaeopteryx, appeared around 150 million years ago. The fossils have been found in deposits which also contained hundreds of specimens of feathered dinosaurs, mammals, amphibians, pterosaurs, insects, and flowering plants.Zhongjianornis yangi belonged to the most primitive of four groups of birds that independently lost their teeth, and the researchers believe this, and the development of a beak, may have given the birds an evolutionary advantage because of the reduction in weight. The findings also suggest tooth loss was more common in the early evolution of birds than previously thought. Among known toothless birds, Confuciusornis is the next most advanced. The researchers reasoned that there must have been a selective pressure for a reduction of weight, especially of the head, since it is further from the center of gravity.More information: The research paper is available online at the Proceedings of the Royal Society B.© 2009 PhysOrg.com Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Zhongjianornis yangi. Photo: Zhonghe Zhou New fossil bird foundlast_img read more

August 31

Concerned researchers project global solid waste to peak at 11 million tons

first_imgCredit: (c) Nature Publishing Group, Nature 502, 615–617 (31 October 2013) doi:10.1038/502615a Explore further (Phys.org) —Daniel Hoornweg associate professor at the University of Ontario, Perinaz Bhada-Tata a Dubai based solid-waste consultant, and Chris Kennedy a professor at the University of Toronto, have together published a COMMENT piece in the journal Nature suggesting that the total amount of solid waste we humans generate will peak in 2100 at approximately 11 million tons per day—close to three times the amount produced today. More information: Waste production must peak this century, Nature 502, 615–617 (31 October 2013) DOI: 10.1038/502615a Citation: Concerned researchers project global solid waste to peak at 11 million tons per day in 2100 (2013, October 31) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-10-global-solid-peak-million-tons.html Landfill nation: What makes consumers less likely to recycle?center_img Journal information: Nature This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Reports of global warming have dominated the headlines in the past few years, leaving little room for other environmental concerns, one of which is the mounting problem of solid waste, aka trash or rubbish—it’s the stuff we toss after opening packages or consume most any food. It’s plastic water bottles and food scraps, old cell phones or junk mail. Some of it is recycled of course, but a lot of it still ends up in landfills. In their comment piece the researchers write that scientists have found that people that live in more affluent countries toss more stuff in the trash than do people in poor places. They also found that there is a peak amount for trash tossed in affluent places—at some point, people begin spending some of their money on experiences, rather than just stuff. That’s enough information, they say, to project how much total trash will be tossed at various points in the future, and when a global peak will be reached. It’s all based on population growth, the number of people living in developing countries and the amount of time economists and others project will pass before everyone is living in a developed country.What’s perhaps most interesting in the report is the authors’ contention that it’s not the trash itself that is the real concern (recycling, burial, etc. should be able to handle all that trash) but what it represents in terms of other impacts on the planet. As people gain wealth, they pollute more in general—if all the poor people today become affluent to the point of reaching peak trash production, it means they will all be responsible for producing as much CO2 for example, as those that are affluent today, or for the amount of nitrogen that flows to the sea to produce the food they eat.The authors also contend that their projected numbers are not set in stone, if we so desire we can change the way we live and in so doing reduce the amount of trash we produce. They note that people in Japan for example produce much less trash per person than most anywhere else—they have little choice, governments there regulate how people dispose of trash because there is so little room for landfills. © 2013 Phys.orglast_img read more

August 31

Fossil has evidence of limb regeneration in 300 million year old amphibian

first_img Sequencing the genome of salamanders (Phys.org) —A trio of researchers with Germany’s Museum für Naturkunde, Leibniz-Institut für Evolutions und Biodiversitätsforschung, has found evidence of limb regeneration in a 300 million year old amphibian fossil, which suggests that the ability to regenerate entire limbs by such creatures is not restricted to modern salamanders. In their paper published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Nadia Fröbisch, Constanze Bickelmann and Florian Witzmann describe the fossil they’ve been studying and why they believe it was able to regenerate its limbs. More information: Early evolution of limb regeneration in tetrapods: evidence from a 300-million-year-old amphibian, Proceedings of the Royal Society B, rspb.royalsocietypublishing.or … nt/281/1794/20141550AbstractSalamanders are the only tetrapods capable of fully regenerating their limbs throughout their entire lives. Much data on the underlying molecular mechanisms of limb regeneration have been gathered in recent years allowing for new comparative studies between salamanders and other tetrapods that lack this unique regenerative potential. By contrast, the evolution of animal regeneration just recently shifted back into focus, despite being highly relevant for research designs aiming to unravel the factors allowing for limb regeneration. We show that the 300-million-year-old temnospondyl amphibian Micromelerpeton, a distant relative of modern amphibians, was already capable of regenerating its limbs. A number of exceptionally well-preserved specimens from fossil deposits show a unique pattern and combination of abnormalities in their limbs that is distinctive of irregular regenerative activity in modern salamanders and does not occur as variants of normal limb development. This demonstrates that the capacity to regenerate limbs is not a derived feature of modern salamanders, but may be an ancient feature of non-amniote tetrapods and possibly even shared by all bony fish. The finding provides a new framework for understanding the evolution of regenerative capacity of paired appendages in vertebrates in the search for conserved versus derived molecular mechanisms of limb regeneration. Whole specimen of Micromelerpeton credneri. Credit: Proceedings of the Royal Society B, doi: 10.1098/rspb.2014.1550 Explore further Scientists believe that salamanders are the only modern four-legged animals that can regenerate entire limbs throughout their lives. What’s not clear, however, despite a great deal of research, is if the ability is a recent evolutionary trait or if it came about long ago and has been passed along for many years. The findings by the researchers with this latest effort suggest the latter—the fossil appears to be an ancient relative of the salamander.The researchers note that when modern salamanders lose a limb, the replacement that grows back doesn’t always look just like the original—sometimes there are odd bumps or scars or digits fused back together. This is particularly so if a salamander looses the same limb more than once. In examining the amphibian fossil, (Micromelerpeton, found in northwest Germany) the researchers found the same odd characteristic in the toes—there was an extra partly fused one, suggesting very strongly that the creature had lost a toe and had re-grown a replacement.Finding regenerative ability in such an ancient creature begs the question of why more tetrapod species don’t have the ability today. The researchers suggest that the ability to re-grow lost limbs was perhaps lost over time or evolved into something else entirely as it became a trait that was no longer needed, or because it took up too much resources.Gaining an evolutionary perspective on limb regeneration might help researchers in other areas that are attempting to find out if limb replacement can be caused to come about in other animals, particularly humans, through some unknown mechanism. Learning how salamanders developed the ability might help modern researchers repeat the process.center_img Journal information: Proceedings of the Royal Society B © 2014 Phys.org Citation: Fossil has evidence of limb regeneration in 300 million year old amphibian (2014, September 24) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2014-09-fossil-evidence-limb-regeneration-million.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

August 31

Analyzing the parameters that made societies likely to adopt agriculture

first_img More information: Transition to farming more likely for small, conservative groups with property rights, but increased productivity is not essential. PNAS 2015 ; published ahead of print November 2, 2015, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1511870112AbstractTheories for the origins of agriculture are still debated, with a range of different explanations offered. Computational models can be used to test these theories and explore new hypotheses; Bowles and Choi [Bowles S, Choi J-K (2013) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 110(22):8830–8835] have developed one such model. Their model shows the coevolution of farming and farming-friendly property rights, and by including climate variability, replicates the timings for the emergence of these events seen in the archaeological record. Because the processes modeled occurred a long time ago, it can be difficult to justify exact parameter values; hence, we propose a fitting to idealized outcomes (FIO) method to explore the model’s parameter space in more detail. We have replicated the model of Bowles and Choi, and used the FIO method to identify complexities and interactions of the model previously unidentified. Our results indicate that the key parameters for the emergence of farming are group structuring, group size, conservatism, and farming-friendly property rights (lending further support to Bowles and Choi’s original proposal). We also find that although advantageous, it is not essential that farming productivity be greater than foraging productivity for farming to emerge. In addition, we highlight how model behaviors can be missed when gauging parameter sensitivity via a fix-all-but-one variation approach. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Explore further Citation: Analyzing the parameters that made societies likely to adopt agriculture (2015, November 10) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2015-11-parameters-societies-agriculture.html Human transition from foraging to farming was a gradual co-evolution, not a rapid innovationcenter_img The lack of a historical record from these early agricultural societies has led researchers to develop social and economic models in order to deduce the conditions that enabled the growth and spread of agricultural practice. Researchers S. Bowles and J-K Choi published a method in 2013 hypothesizing that the rise of agriculture was impossible without the development of farming-friendly property rights, and vice-versa. The model demonstrated the coevolution of farming and property rights, while replicating the timing of these developments in the archaeological record with data from the North Greenland Ice Core Project. Their model also suggested that a rare, possibly coincidental set of environmental and social conditions had to occur in order for agriculture to become established.Now, a group of researchers in the United Kingdom has replicated and deepened the results of the Bowles-Choi model with a computer simulation in which they tested parameter variations by running the model 106 times and then separated these simulations into 1,000 sets of 1,000 simulations. They have published their results in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The authors conclude that the elements necessary for the establishment of agriculture are a population structured into groups, small (but not too small) group sizes, a very low amount of behavioral experimentation, and the presence of farming-friendly property rights.Agents in the Bowles-Choi model can have a technological strategy: farmers or foragers. They also have a behavioral strategy: They can be a sharer, a bourgeois, or a civic. Behavioral experimentation is defined in the study as the willingness to transition between these behavioral modes, where a group with a low level of experimentation is regarded as more conservative. In the current study, the researchers established that a low, but nonzero level of behavioral experimentation was needed as a condition for an agricultural society.”By increasing behavioral experimentation, we see an increase in the number of farmers. However, this increase converges to around 50 percent of farmers, because when behavioral experimentation is large, agents are changing regularly between both strategies and there is little structuring in the group. It is only when the number of groups is large (i.e. the groups are small) that we start to see more simulations that have a majority of farmers.”The other parameters from the Bowles-Choi model that had identifiable effects in the current study were hunter-gatherer product, the contestability of farmed products, farming investment, and farming product. The researchers found that a number of parameters accounted in the Bowles-Choi model were insensitive in the new simulations, including the migration rate, the contestability of foraged products, the resource transfer amount, and the probability of a between-group conflict. Additionally, with their new approach, the researchers addressed the problems of the “fix-all-but-one” parameter approach used by Bowles and Choi; they suggest future studies of historical processes could rely more on similar parameter analysis. © 2015 Phys.org (Phys.org)—The development of agriculture, arising during the Neolithic revolution, was an incredibly influential transition in the history of human beings. It’s believed that anatomically modern humans existed in hunter-gatherer societies for around 190,000 years before the transition to agricultural practices, which are generally understood to have occurred independently in several regions around the world, and radiated out to the rest of the world from these hubs between 11,500 years ago and 3,500 years ago. Range (light green), interquartile range (middle green), and median (dark green) of the percentage of metapopulations (1,000 simulations) with a majority of bourgeois farmers at each time point when running our interpretation of the model 1,000 times. Bowles and Choi’s result is shown in black. Credit: (c) 2015 PNAS 2015 ; published ahead of print November 2, 2015, doi:10.1073/pnas.1511870112last_img read more

August 31

G7 Leaders Near Deal To Help Amazon Nations F

first_img by NPR News Scott Neuman 8.26.19 4:18am Leaders who attended the G-7 summit are close to an agreement to provide technical and financial help to combat massive fires that have swept through the Amazon rainforest, according to French President Emmanuel Macron.Speaking on Sunday, Macron said the leaders “all agreed on helping those countries which have been hit by the fires as fast as possible.””Our teams are making contact with all the Amazon countries so we can finalize some very concrete commitments involving technical resources and funding,” Macron said.Macron had tweeted an urgent message on Friday as the summit was just about to get underway, calling on fellow leaders to make the fires a priority of their meeting.President Trump and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson both offered assistance to fight the fires.Macron’s call for action was echoed on Sunday by Pope Francis who warned “that forest lung is vital for our planet” and prayed that “with the commitment of all … [the fires] might be contained as soon as possible.”Although Brazil accounts for about 60 percent of the Amazon and has been the focus of international attention, the planet’s largest rainforest extends to eight other countries — Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana.Brazil’s far-right populist President Jair Bolsonaro, who has promised to open the Amazon to development, initially dismissed the impact of the fires and then suggested that they might have been set by non-governmental organizations bent on discrediting him.Many of the fires are thought to have been set by farmers, loggers and ranchers trying to clear land, according to officials, who say Bolsonaro’s attitude about the rainforest may have caused some of them to believe the government was giving a green light to such activity.After European leaders threatened to end a trade deal with South American countries and thousands showed up for protests across Brazil, Bolsonaro’s government acted on Friday, ordering 44,000 soldiers to help fight the fires. On Sunday, Brazil deployed two C-130s to aid the effort by dropping water to douse the flames.Brazil’s efforts to control the fires appear to be concentrated in the Amazonian state of Rondonia, which borders Bolivia.Many Brazilians marched in protest on Sunday against the government’s perceived inaction, coming out by the thousands in Rio de Janeiro and other cities, according to The Associated Press.There were also anti-G-7 protests over the weekend decrying the lack of action on climate change that were staged near the southwest French coastal city of Biarritz, where the summit was held.Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit NPR. Leo Correa G-7 Leaders Near Deal To Help Amazon Nations Fight… last_img read more

August 31

Gearing up for a Russian flavour in the Capital

A three-day event on the culture of Russia will begin from today. An initiative of the Government of India, this event is organised by the Department of Art, Culture, and Languages, with Sahitya Kala Parishad, Moscow Government and Delhi State Industrial and Infrastructure Development Corporation Ltd (DSIIDC), the Days Of Moscow in Delhi, will bring a series of cultural activities like Russian Classical Music Concert, Fashion Show, Photo Exhibition, Ghazel : Gala Concert showcasing the tradition, and culture of the Russian capital. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The photo exhibition will have the photographs and video works of 14  participating artistes which will be displayed at Lalit Kala Academy. At the exhibition, there will be a workshop on photography by Russian photographer Vladislav Efimov.While the Russian Classical Music Concert organised by the Moscow government, bringing together numerous performers from all over Russia and India will perform at the concert in the Russian Cultural Centre. The Russian government will also bring folk artistes from the different regions of Russia, qualified and professional ballet dancers and professional performers from Russia for The Ghazel: gala concert. This concert will be held at the Central Park, near Rajiv Chowk metro station. There will also be  a fashion show parade by the Russian designers at the Emporio in Vasant Kunj.  This show will be organised by DSIIDC encompassing the lifestyle wears from the Russian capital. So get ready to absorb Russian culture right here in Delhi. read more

August 31

Manipur decides to form draft panel for new Bill

first_imgAn all-party meet chaired by Chief Minister Okram Ibobi Singh has decided to constitute a drafting committee to prepare a Bill for the protection of the indigenous people of Manipur, where a 12-hour bandh was called by Joint Committee on Inner Line Permit System (JCILPS) on Thursday.The decision comes a day after the state Assembly unanimously withdrew the Manipur Regulation of Visitors, Tenants and Migrant Workers (MRVTMW) Bill, 2015.CPI(M) Manipur unit secretary Sarat Salam said the meeting, headed by the Chief Minister, decided to form the drafting committee and aims to come up with the new Bill within a month. Salam said it was decided to appeal to JCILPS to extend cooperation to the initiative by all political parties and state government by suspending the ongoing agitation. Also Read – Need to understand why law graduate’s natural choice is not legal profession: CJIThe CPI(M) has demanded that the drafting committee should consult all other stakeholders in drafting the Bill.Another CPI(M) state leader Ksh Santa who attended the all-party meet said his party suggested to form a third group to mediate between the government and agitators to solve the ongoing deadlock and check police excesses during ILP movement.Naga People’s Front (NPF), Manipur People’s Party (MPP) and BJP were absent in the meeting. Recognised state parties – Manipur State Congress Party, Trinamool Congress, besides ruling Congress and the Left attended the meeting.Acting convenor of JCILPS Kh Ratan had earlier said that they had turned down the state government’s invitation to have a talk since JCILPS did not have confidence in the present regime.last_img read more

August 31

Iran unveils new missile to seek peace through strength

first_imgThe defence ministry’s unveiling of the solid-fuel missile, named Fateh 313, came little more than a month after Iran and world powers reached a deal that requires Tehran to abide by new limits on its nuclear programme in return for Western governments easing economic sanctions. According to that deal, any transfer to Iran of ballistic missile technology during the next eight years will be subject to the approval of the United Nations Security Council, and the United States has promised to veto any such requests. An arms embargo on conventional weapons also stays, preventing their import and export for five years.  Also Read – Nine hurt in accident at fireworks show in French resortBut Iran has said it will not follow parts of the nuclear deal that restricts its military capabilities, a stance reaffirmed by President Hassan Rouhani on Saturday. “We will buy, sell and develop any weapons we need and we will not ask for permission or abide by any resolution for that,” he said in a speech at the unveiling ceremony broadcast live on state television. “We can negotiate with other countries only when we are powerful. If a country does not have power and independence, it cannot seek real peace,” he said.  Also Read – Pakistan Army ‘fully prepared’ to face any challenge: Army spokesmanThe defence ministry said the Fateh 313, unveiled on Iran’s Defence Industry Day, had already been successfully tested and that mass production would start soon. Iran has one of the largest missile programmes in the Middle East. It wants to export arms to its allies in the region and import anti-missile systems to prevent any possible attack by its arch-foe Israel. “In our aerospace industry we have various ballistic missiles with different ranges under production,” Defence Minister Hossein Dehghan said on Friday.  “We will continue this path with maximum power in line with our defensive needs and proportionate to threats ahead of us.”  Fars news agency, which is close to the country’s Revolutionary Guards, released a music video on Saturday praising Iran’s missile capabilities. It contained pictures of what the agency called a new and unknown missile of the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC). A senior IRGC commander said on Friday Iran would hold a large ballistic missile manoeuvre in the near future.last_img read more

August 31

Use depressionfighting skills to get a job

first_imgThese skills included identifying negative thoughts and countering them with more positive responses and planning enjoyable activities to improve the mood.This study is the first to show that cognitive behavioural (CB) skills not only predict changes in depression symptoms, but also in real life functioning, said co-author of the study Daniel Strunk, associate professor of psychology at The Ohio State University in the US.“Searching for a job is difficult in any circumstance, but it may be even more difficult for people who are depressed,” Strunk said. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’“But we found that there are specific skills that can help not only manage the symptoms of depression but also make it more likely that a person will receive a job offer,” Strunk noted.The study involved 75 unemployed people, aged 20 to 67, who participated in two online surveys taken three months apart.About a third of the sample reported symptoms that would put them in the ‘moderately to seriously’ depressed category, although they were not formally diagnosed. The remaining two-thirds had scores that ranged from mild depression to no symptoms. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixThe results showed that participants who reported more use of cognitive behavioural skills were more likely to show an improvement in depressive symptoms in the three months between the surveys– and were more likely to report they had received a job offer.The findings appeared in the Journal of Clinical Psychology.“The people who got jobs in our study were more likely to be putting into practice the skills that we try to teach people in cognitive therapy,” Strunk explained.last_img read more

August 31

Depression during pregnancy affects mental health of children

first_imgDepression during pregnancy increases the risk of behavioural and emotional problems in children, suggests a new finding.Depression is thought to affect at least one in five women globally in the later stages of pregnancy and shortly after birth, and is characterised by low mood and feelings of hopelessness, and is also brought on by a number of other factors that can include life events such as bereavement, and changes in brain chemistry. Previous work from the researchers suggested that depression during pregnancy may affect the development of the baby while in the womb, as well as affecting bonding between mother and child after birth. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfNow, the same team has shown that depression or anxiety can reduce the enzyme in the placenta that breaks down the “stress hormone” cortisol, possibly causing more foetal exposure to the hormone. The foetus may also undergo epigenetic changes under stress, where underlying DNA stays the same but expression of that DNA is altered, perhaps affecting mental health during childhood. The team argued the problem is more common in low and middle-income countries, and hence more resources are needed in these areas to help expectant and new mothers. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive”In severely deprived regions where there are wars, political violence, food insecurity, and very little help after natural disasters, healthcare workers have little time or resources to meet basic physical needs, let alone mental health ones, like maternal depression,” said Vivette Glover, researcher at the Imperial College London. The report highlights the specific mental health requirements of mothers and children in poorer countries that are not necessarily relevant to high-income countries. “Women are more likely than in richer countries to experience intimate partner violence and have little social support. Furthermore, unintended pregnancies are more common, as are malnourishment, infections and crowded living conditions,” Glover added. Maternal depression in these countries is also more likely to result in poor nutrition, increased substance use, inadequate antenatal care, pre-eclampsia, low birthweight, preterm delivery, and suicide.last_img read more

August 31

BJP files caveat in SC over rath yatra in WB

first_imgKolkata: The West Bengal BJP Sunday said it had filed a caveat in the Supreme Court to ensure that it got a hearing in case the state government moved the apex court against the Calcutta High Court verdict on the party’s proposed “rath yatra”. “We have filed a caveat in the Supreme Court to ensure that we do not go unheard if the Bengal government decides to move the apex court against the order passed by a division bench of the Calcutta High Court (on the “rath yatra”),” state BJP president Dilip Ghosh said. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal life He claimed that the West Bengal government did not want the saffron party to conduct the “rath yatra”, adding, “We are apprehensive that the government may move the Supreme Court.” A caveat is a notice that states that certain actions may not be taken without informing the person who has given the notice. The caveat in the apex court was filed by the BJP Saturday. A division bench of the Calcutta High Court came down heavily on the West Bengal government Friday for not responding to Bharatiya Janata Party’s (BJP) letters, seeking permission for three “rath yatra” in the state, and directed top officials to take a decision on the processions by December 14. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killed Justices Biswanath Somadder and A Mukherjee said the government’s silence on the permission was “astonishing and astounding”. The BJP wrote to the West Bengal government Saturday, stating its readiness to join discussions over its proposed “rath yatra”, as directed by the high court the previous day. BJP national president Amit Shah was to kickstart the party’s “Save Democracy Rally” comprising three “rath yatra” — one from Coochbehar in the northern parts of the state last Friday, one from Kakdwip in South 24 Parganas district Sunday and one from the Tarapith temple in Birbhum district on December 14. The three “rath yatra” were scheduled to cover all the 42 Lok Sabha constituencies in the state. A single-judge bench of the high court had refused permission to the BJP Thursday for conducting a “rath yatra” in Coochbehar, after the West Bengal government refused to allow the event saying it may cause communal tension. The party then moved the division bench of the court against the verdict Friday. The chief secretary, the home secretary and the director general of police shall hold a meeting with three representatives of the BJP by December 12 and take a decision on the matter by December 14, the division bench directed.last_img read more

August 31

Promoter shot at from close range in Sonarpur

first_imgKolkata: A promoter was shot at from close quarters in Sonarpur on Saturday night. Police are yet to ascertain the exact reason behind the attack. They suspect monetary gain was the main motive behind the crime.Police said the victim, Narayan Biswas, a local businessman from Raipur area in Sonarpur was returning home on his motorcycle when three miscreants suddenly started following him on another motorcycle. When the victim was near Raipur area, the miscreants stopped him and shot him. Biswas suffered bullet injuries on his hands. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeAfter hearing the gun shots, locals rushed to the spot and rescued the victim who had been lying in a pool of blood. The miscreants had their faces covered when they forced the victim to stop his bike. The victim was initially taken to a nearby hospital and later shifted to NRS Medical College and Hospital in the city as his condition deteriorated. After the preliminary investigation, police suspect the miscreants might have shot him during an attempt to Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedloot money. They knew that the businessman might have been carrying a bag containing money. The investigating officers are also probing if it was a result of any past business rivalry. They are looking into all possible angles which might have led to the incident. His family members told police he left home in the morning and the incident took place when he was returning home on late Saturday evening. After being informed, policemen from the local police station reached the spot and started a probe. According to police, the miscreants had been keeping a watch on the victim for the past few days and they were well aware of the route he used to take to reach home. The investigating officer also interrogated some of the locals. They also spoke to the victim’s family members to know if he had received any threat call in the past few days.last_img read more

August 31

Youth kills self after paramours suicide

first_imgKolkata: A youth reportedly committed suicide a day after his girlfriend committed suicide at Mirpur in Baruipur of South 24-Parganas.According to sources, Ramprasad Purkait was a student of second year English Honours in a college in Kolkata. There he met a woman identified as Sulata Sardar. Both of them became close and got involved in a relationship. Both of them informed their families about their relationship, which was accepted by both the families. Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata BoseIt was also decided that they will get married in future. Recently Sardar’s family was informed by someone that Purkait is a patient blood cancer. Sardar was being forced to discontinue the relationship with Purkait. As she could not bear the situation, Sardar committed suicide by hanging from ceiling fan using a piece of cloth on Thursday. Purkait came to know about the incident on Friday morning and got depressed. In the evening when his parents were out of the house he committed suicide by hanging. Baruipur police station was informed as soon as the family members got informed about the situation. Police recovered the body and sent it for autopsy examination. Later Purkait’s parents told the police that he was not suffering from blood cancer. Based on the information, police are trying to know who told Sardar’s family members about the Purkait had blood cancer. Till Sunday night no one has been arrested.last_img read more

August 31

Dental care seminar on Oral Hygiene Day

first_imgKolkata: State health department has collaborated with department of periodontology and organised a seminar at Dr. R Ahmed Dental College and Hospital on the occasion of ‘Oral Hygiene Day’ on Thursday to spread awareness among the patients.The seminar demonstrated various techniques on how to maintain good oral hygiene among the masses. Bengal State branch of the Indian Dental Association with Indian society of periodontology celebrated the day to commemorate Dr GB Shankwalkar’s birthday. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataA scientific seminar on periodontal regenerative surgery was held at Command Military Dental Centre in Alipore. The programme witnessed the esteemed presence of Dr Anil Melath, president of Indian Society of Periodontology (ISP), Dr Nymphea Pandit, president elect , ISP, Dr Abhay Kolte, secretory of ISP, Major General Satish R Iyer, Dr TK Giri, principal of Dr R Ahmed Dental College and Hospital, Dr J K Singh, president of IDA in the state and Dr Raju Biswas, state secretary of the IDA. Free oral health screening camps were organised to celebrate ‘Oral Hygiene Day’ at Kalighat by the Bengal chapter of the Indian Dental Association in assistance with the Women’s Dental Council and Indian Society of Periodontology. Sex workers and their children were examined and given education how to maintain a disease free oral hygiene during the seminar.last_img read more

August 31

Making Delhi a cultural hub

first_imgDelhi government pledges support to the Events and Entertainment Industry and joins hands with Event and Entertainment Management Association (EEMA) to make Delhi a global cultural hub. It was a show of strength by the Indian Events and Entertainment industry at the EEMAX Global Awards on August 3 where Deputy Chief Minister of Delhi, Manish Sisodia pledged the support and co-operation of his government towards making Delhi a cultural hub of global standards. Sisodia recognised that the events industry in India has come a long way but continues to face issues that are detrimental to its progress. Sisodia also announced that the government of Delhi is in the process of creating an Event Management Skill Institute in collaboration with EEMA. “We will aim to give the best professionals to the country through this institute,” he said.last_img read more

August 30

The TrueLife Inspiration for the Classic Story Beauty and the Beast

first_imgBeauty and the Beast, whether in a form of the original fairytale, the animated Disney musical or the recent release that dominated the box office in 2018, is a quintessential love story that has survived many centuries and different forms. This deeply touching love story was written by French Novelist Gabrielle-Suzanne Barbot de Villeneuve in 1740.However, historians and folklorists have traced 23 different variations of the tale from around the globe.Beauty and the beastThe notion of love crossing the boundaries of breeds exists in the folklore of many societies and falls under the genre of “Animal Bridegroom Story.” At least 162 different versions have been identified, that all center on a seemingly impossible relationship.As is common in a number of these stories, the beast turns out to be a person, hidden behind the mask of a creature. The plot and the theme of transformation holds strong similarities with the Greek Cupid and Psyche, for example. However Beauty and the Beast differs from these stories in one important aspect — it is believed that a real-life person inspired the creation of this particular fairy-tale.Pedro GonzálezThe story behind Beauty and the Beast is embodied in the tragic life of Petrus Gonsalvus and his astonishingly beautiful wife Catherine. He was born in 1537 in Tenerife with a rare condition known as hypertrichosis, commonly referred to as Werewolf Syndrome.His story begins when he was brought from his home in Tenerife to France, as a coronation gift for King Henry II. He was considered a curiosity, a “wildman” in a cage, playing on the idea of woodwose — half-animal, half-human creatures prominent in European medieval mythology.Petrus Gonsalvus and Catherine.News of such a strange and exotic marvel caused enormous excitement within the castle. Upon arriving, the “wildman” was placed in a dungeon where the court’s doctors and physicians examined.He was not wild and did not display any signs of savagery associated with woodwose. He was not a man either — he was a 10-year-old boy called Pedro Gonzales. Upon thorough examination the doctors concluded he should not be considered a wildman, and the peculiar boy was given a new Latin name: Petrus Gonsalvus.The Hairy Man from Munich by 16th century unknown painter.The king decided to free him from his dungeon and, for the sake of an experiment, offered him a formal education as befitted any boy living in his castle.Upon Henry’s death in 1559, his wife Catherine de Medici became regent.As a regent she had the power to decide about all the concerns Henry previously dealt with. Continuing her husband’s experiment, she came to the idea that Petrus should be married, to see if his offspring would also be “wildmen.”The Florence landscape where Catherine de Medici spent her early childhood before moving to France.He was assigned a beautiful wife, Catherine, whose last name is unknown to this day and who was allegedly unaware of the looks of her husband before the day of their wedding.The couple, unexpectedly for the Queen, fell in love and settled into a happy and caring relationship. They had their first two children soon after marrying and both were born healthy. The Queen was openly disappointed about this fact. Her wish did come true eventually — their next four children were all born with hypertrichosis.The family was sent to tour Europe as an amusement for aristocratic families. They finally settled in Spain under the protection of the Duke of Parma, who allocated an estate for them to run. Nevertheless, all their children were given as a peculiar gift to other European noble families. Both loving and warm-hearted parents were devastated.In contrast to the Beauty and the Beast’s happy ending, the story of Pedro and Catherine ended tragically. He was treated as less than human until the day he died.Read another story from us: William Wallace – The True Story Behind Scotland’s Most Famous HeroHis unhuman status was proven even in the fact that both himself and Catherine were not allowed a proper burial. Up until the present day it is not known where the two of them were buried.last_img read more

August 30

The Modern Day Revival of the Knights Templar – A New Order

first_imgThe United States may be a relatively young country, having been founded in 1776, but it has some ties with the Middle Ages. The Sovereign Military Order of the Temple of Jerusalem (SMOTJ) was founded in the 1960s in the United States, following in the footsteps of the Knights Templar, a Christian order dating back to the Crusades. After the First Crusade (1095-1099), several states known as the Crusader States were established to protect Christians on pilgrimage to Jerusalem, Britannica.com reports. In 1119, following a series of attacks by raiders to reclaim Jerusalem, a bunch of mostly French knights, under the leadership of Hugues de Payens decided to establish a Christian military order to help secure passage for the pilgrims. At least this was the official reason given for the creation of the Order.Taking of Jerusalem by the Crusaders by Emile Signol. A 19th century painting depicting the end of the Siege of Jerusalem on July 15, 1099, during the First CrusadeThus, was born the Order of the Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and the Temple of Solomon. The Templars received the support of the King of Jerusalem at the time, Baldwin II, and set up their headquarters on Temple Mount, causing them to change their name to the Knights Templar, according to History.com.AdChoices广告inRead invented by TeadsWith the help of prominent French abbot Bernard of Clairvaux, who most notably wrote In Praise of the New Knighthood, support for these warrior monks grew significantly. Clairvaux’s text defended the existence of the Order and helped convince many Christians of its importance.Saint Bernard of ClairvauxThis rise in influence eventually translated in gaining support from the Pope. In 1139, Innocent II issued a Papal Bull – an official letter from the Pope – that exempted the Templars from paying taxes and allowed them to build their own places of worship. Showing their great power and independence, they were also placed under the sole direct authority of the Pope himself.Take a closer look at the Knights Templar revival with this video:Over the course of the 12th and 13th centuries, the Templars fought across the Holy Land, and gained a reputation of fearless warriors, Britannica.com says. This greatly increased their influence and wealth: many Templars had gained estates and seniorities across European kingdoms such as France, Spain and England.As new chapters of the order were established all over Europe, the Templars established an important banking network, History.com says. Holding a significant part of Europe’s wealth, the Templars were at their most influential during the 12th century. However, with this great influence and power came a stronger European opposition, most particularly from the rival order of the Knights Hospitallers.Battle of Hattin. Illustration from Estoire d’EraclesAfter the Battle of Hattin in 1187, the armies led by Saladin had opened their way to regaining control of Jerusalem. The Templars remained in the Holy Land to protect the Crusader states during the course of the 13th century, with several attempts to regain control of the region. After the fall of Acre in 1291 however, the Crusaders had no foothold left in the Holy Land, and the Templars relocated to Paris.Having lost their original purpose to protect the Holy Land, and facing greater opposition to their wealth and power, the Templars were bound for destruction.The Seige of Acre by Dominique Papety. The city fell to the Mamluks in 1291King Philip IV of France pressured Pope Clement V to disband the order. In 1307, Clement V issued the Papal Bull Vox In Execlso, which falsely accused many Templars of charges such as blasphemy, devil worship, indecency, and financial corruption. The order’s grand master Jacques De Molay was executed in 1314, marking the end of the original order of the Knights Templars.The modern-day Sovereign Military Order of the Temple of Jerusalem (SMOTJ) traces its origins to an organization named Ordo Supremus Militaris Templi Hierosolymitani, a revived Templar organization which was granted chivalry status by French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte in 1805, Smithsonian Magazine reports.Reception for the council of Templar revivalist group The Sovereign Military Order of the Temple of Jerusalem in Cologne, Germany. Photo by Raimond Spekking / CC BY-SA 4.0The organization counts over 10,000 members worldwide, including 1,500 in the United States. While SMOTJ reenacts the traditions of the Knights Templar, its members do not see themselves as mere reenactors: they see themselves as emulators of the Medieval order with a mission to revive the mission and form of Christian traditions practiced by the Templars. They also make it clear on their website that they are not in any way associated with Freemasonry.Their two main missions, as stated on their website, are as follows: “Protecting Christians at Risk particularly in the Holy Land and the Middle East and Keeping the Road to Jerusalem open to all people as our own.”“The only thing we don’t do is fight,” Grand Treasurer of the Temple of Jerusalem Joe Auteri said to Smithsonian Mag. While the Order does not fight anymore, its mission remains to help Christians in the Holy Land. It most notably funds schools in the region, having raised $407,945 in 2017. Some of its members even serve as advisors to the United Nations, advocating for peace in the Middle East.Flow chart showing the various splits within the Templars since their formation in the 12th century. Photo by Vespercirrus CC BY-SA 4.0To avoid confusion with any other Templar revivalist group, The Sovereign Military Order of the Temple of Jerusalem has a legal advocate who registers the organization’s trademarks, in an effort to keep its own identity. Indeed, Smithsonian reports that many other Templar revivalist organizations exist around the world, yet none have the same legitimacy as the SMOTJ. In 2018 the organization celebrated 900 years of the Templars (1118-2018)Read another story from us: A Secret Knights Templar Tunnel that Remained Hidden for 700 YearsAs described on its website, The Sovereign Military Order of the Temple of Jerusalem bases itself off the traditions of the original Order of the Knights Templar to achieve what it describes as spiritual idealism. In the modern world, today’s Templars seek new ways to revive an old order, with peaceful ways to reach the old objective of pacifying the Holy Land.last_img read more

August 30

Kemba Walkers shimmy celebration would have been a lot cooler if the

first_imgLarry Bird invented the walk-off three point celebration in the 1988 Three Point Contest in Chicago. Steph Curry has popularized it for the younger generation. In some instances, Curry is halfway down the court doing chest pounds before the ball even goes down.Last night against the Heat, Charlotte All-Star Kemba Walker showed the dangers of celebrating a three without actually witnessing the bucket.Walker pulled up from the top of the key, and after a seemingly friendly bounce, had seen enough to turn his back to the basket and bust out the shimmy shake dance celebration.By the time the shot rimmed out, Walker had already turned his back and started the dance off. Whoops. Advertisement Don’t try this at home, kids.last_img read more

August 30

VIDEO Man filming lightning strikes almost gets struck by lightning

first_imgA Norwegian man was in his backyard filming lighting strikes a couple of miles away, because that’s entertainment in Norway, when the lightning tried to end him.After a couple of cracks in the distance, a bolt struck just feet away from his deck with a deafening crack. It blew up some of his yard, but the man was unharmed. Norway looks absolutely terrifying.Watch this, and……. wait for it…last_img