Jobe CaesarTwo weeks after 19-year-old Jobe Caesar, a Guyanese footballer, was sentenced to six months imprisonment for wounding a Police Officer, the charge along with an armed robbery charge were dismissed against him by Magistrate Faith McGusty.Jobe Caesar was accused of relieving a mobile phone from Jennifer Validum on November 25, 2018. At the time, he was armed with a gun.It was further alleged that on the same day and at the same location, he damaged a motor car valued at $3.5 million, property of Jennifer Validum.Caesar had denied both charges and was on trial before Principal Magistrate Faith McGusty.However, when the matters were called on Thursday, the Virtual Complainant told the Court that she does not wish to proceed with the matters, hence, the Magistrate dismissed both matters against the defendant.On June 14, Senior Magistrate Dylon Bess sentenced Caesar to six months behind bars after finding him guilty of wounding a Police Officer.It is alleged that on September 3, 2018 at East Ruimveldt, he unlawfully and maliciously wounded Kerry Joseph.The Magistrate had ruled that after going through the entirety of the evidence, he was satisfied beyond a reasonable doubt that Caesar committed the offence. Hence, he was sentenced to six months behind bars.According to information, on the day in question, Joseph, who is a Police Corporal, reportedly went to the home of his girlfriend and saw the woman in Caesar’s arms.It was reported that Caesar attacked the officer and dealt him a punch to his face. He then snatched the officer’s service revolver and pointed it at him.However, the officer, being fearful for his life, left and reported the matter to the East Ruimveldt Police Outpost.An investigation was then carried out and the defendant was arrested and later charged with the offence.
Matchup: The Ice Dogs (15-26-3) dropped the first of a big three-game set in Utah (18-24-4), 4-2, on Wednesday. While the loss sent the Ice Dogs seven points off the pace for the eighth and final playoff spot in the Northern Conference, the win allowed the Grizzlies to leapfrog Victoria for eighth place. The next two games against Utah will be paramount for Long Beach and its playoff quest. After this weekend, the Ice Dogs will have only 20 games left to make their final push, and if they can’t make up some ground and get too far behind now, the season will be over. If the Ice Dogs are to be successful against Utah, they will have to find a way to shut down Grizzlies star Ryan Kinasewich, who had a goal and three assists Wednesday and has basically been a thorn for L.B. all season. The Ice Dogs made what could be a key addition before Wednesday’s game, signing former second-round NHL pick Igor Pohanka, a big and skilled forward. – Dave Werstine Ice Dogs vs. Utah Grizzlies Site: E Center Faceoff: 6 p.m. TV/Radio: None 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
0Shares0000Southampton manager Mark Hughes celebrates his side’s Premier League victory against Swansea © AFP / Geoff CADDICKLONDON, United Kingdom, May 9 – Mark Hughes refuses to accept Southampton are safe yet despite almost guaranteeing their Premier League future by winning at relegation rivals Swansea.Manolo Gabbiadini’s 72nd-minute winner — four minutes after the Italian striker had come on as a substitute — pushed Swansea towards the Premier League trapdoor and confirmed West Brom’s relegation. It leaves Southampton on 36 points, three above Swansea and with a superior goal difference (nine goals better) ahead of Sunday’s final game, at home to champions Manchester City.Swansea are at home to already relegated Stoke on the final day.“Those celebrations shouldn’t be misinterpreted,” said Hughes, who was so caught up in the joyful post-match scenes with his players and staff that he failed to indulge in the customary post-match handshake with his Swansea counterpart Carlos Carvalhal.“They were emotion as a consequence of winning this key game.“We had to win and we understood that and it wasn’t that we were celebrating staying up because there is still an issue to be resolved in that regard.“There is a little bit of a cushion but we are playing Man City and we have to be careful. If there is one team in this league who have the capability of scoring a lot of goals, it’s Man City.”Southampton have now taken seven points from their past three games and Hughes felt the pre-match row over Southampton’s cancelled Swansea hotel booking had worked in their favour.The players had ended up staying 35 miles (56 kilometres) away after their booking in Swansea city centre was cancelled because of a “virus” at the Marriott Hotel.Hughes had expressed his anger over the cancellation in a TV interview before kick-off after the Saints squad had completed the final 100 metres of the journey on foot to ensure they were not held up entering the stadium.“I’m not for one minute suggesting Swansea had anything to do with that,” Hughes said of the hotel row.“Maybe it was over-zealous Swansea fans in positions to affect our hotel booking. But those things you can use to your own benefit as a motivating factor.”Swansea’s best chance of survival now seems to rest on overcoming Stoke and hoping Huddersfield lose their final two games, at Chelsea on Wednesday and at home to Arsenal on Sunday.Were that to happen, Swansea would finish above Huddersfield on goal difference.“It’s horrible not to depend on ourselves,” said Swansea boss Carvalhal. “Let’s see what will happen (at Chelsea).“If we still believe then we can stay (in the Premier League), we must do our part on the weekend and win the game. After that, we can wait that a kind of miracle can happen.”0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)
By Jessica Mintz THE ASSOCIATED PRESS SEATTLE – Amazon.com Inc. launched its much-anticipated digital music store Tuesday, a move analysts say represents the first hint of real competition for Apple Inc.’s market-leading iTunes. Amazon MP3, as the new section of the Web retailer’s site is called, currently stocks nearly 2.3million songs, all without copy-protection technology. Shoppers can buy and download individual songs or entire albums. The tracks can be copied to multiple computers, burned onto CDs and played on most types of PCs and portable devices, including the iPod and Microsoft Corp.’s Zune. Songs cost 89 cents to 99cents each, and albums sell for $5.99 to $9.99. Major music labels Universal Music Group and EMI Music have signed on to sell their tracks on Amazon, as have thousands of independent labels. The company said several labels are selling their artists’ music without copy protection for the first time on the Amazon store, including Alison Krauss on Rounder Records and Ani Difranco on Righteous Babe Records. Shares of Amazon rose 89 cents to close at $93.48 Tuesday. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
1 New Aston Vilkla manager Tim Sherwood Manchester United midfielder Tom Cleverley says new manager Tim Sherwood has had an immediate impact at his loan club Aston Villa.The relegation battlers suffered two defeats in Sherwood’s first two games but then beat West Brom twice in a week in league and cup competitions.“As a man he’s approachable and easy to talk to – he’s a good guy. He’s fitted right in here. Football-wise, we know exactly what he wants from us. There’s no grey areas for the boys,” Cleverley said.“He’s got us playing well. And he’s got enormous passion for what he’s doing here. We see it every day and the fans see it on match day. Everyone likes to see that enthusiasm and energy on the sidelines and in training. I certainly do.“When we score a goal, it’s what we have been working on all week – so why not celebrate? It’s good to see that passion on the sidelines. Everyone is reading off the same page. And he’s lifted the place definitely.”
SANTA BARBARA – A panel of investment experts drew a grim picture of public employee pension plans Saturday, saying a mix of new debt, higher taxes or cuts in government service may be needed to shore up accounts that in some cases are underfunded by billions of dollars. At the same time, a new federal accounting rule will require local and state governments for the first time to show the actual costs of other benefits promised to retirees, primarily for health care. Complying with that rule, which takes effect in December, is expected to show that the pay-as-you-go method traditionally used by governments has left many of them with huge unfunded liabilities. In California, those liabilities are in the tens of billions of dollars. Questioning the funding of public employee pensions and other retiree benefits should be a major story for media companies, said Dan McAllister, San Diego County’s treasurer-tax collector. “It affects their pocketbooks and the services their government provides to them,” said Wingard, who sat on a panel that included a public finance attorney and several experts in municipal finance. Funding problems can be attributed to overly generous promises, poor investment returns and less-than-required contributions made by the plan sponsors, according to information provided by McAllister. In some cases, governments have had to double or triple payments to underfunded worker retirement plans. Some entities had not made contributions in years. The recession and bear market of 2000-02 dropped revenue by as much as 40 percent in many pension systems, he said. A separate but similar issue will start coming to light at the end of this year, when a rule issued by the Government Accounting Standards Board takes effect. The accounting rule – referred to in investment circles as GASB45 – requires all state and local governments that provide so-called “other post-employment benefits” to start reporting their actual costs. The largest of those benefits by far is health insurance and prescription medication, but they also can include life insurance and long-term care. Initial studies done in anticipation of the requirement have shown some government retiree benefit funds are woefully underfunded. In California, a legislative analyst’s report earlier this year estimated the state’s liability for unfunded retiree health care will range from $40 billion to $70 billion. That represents paying the full amount already earned by current and past state employees. Making it up translates into an annual contribution of $6 billion: $2 billion for the value of benefits earned by current employees; and $4 billion to pay off the unfunded liability over 30 years. The accounting rule does not require governments to fund those liabilities, only to report them. Still, the bond ratings for state and local governments that fail to create a long-term funding plan are likely to suffer, said Parry Young, a credit analyst with Standard & Poor’s. Such a move drives up the cost of borrowing, a scenario that has implications for budgets and spending. Governments have a number of options to address the issue, including renegotiating benefits with unions, increasing contributions from employees, raising taxes, taking on riskier investments in the hope of higher returns or selling bonds to finance the costs.160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORE11 theater productions to see in Southern California this week, Dec. 27-Jan. 2“This is really pension D-Day,” he said, speaking to newspaper executives attending the annual conference of the California Society of Newspaper Editors and The Associated Press News Executives Council. The city of San Diego has been the example when problems arise for poorly funded pensions. A combination of underfunding that city’s pension system while enhancing benefits for retirees left it with a $1.4 billion deficit. The debacle trashed the city’s credit rating, cost some politicians their jobs and sparked federal and state investigations into former city officials and members of the pension board. News organizations must be aggressive in pointing out the potential for similar problems in local and state governments throughout the country, said Laura Wingard, local government editor at the San Diego Union-Tribune. Readers, she said, want to know about those issues.
DONEGAL JUNIOR LEAGUEREPORTSSunday 13th November 2016Brian Mc Cormick Sports Premier DivisionKilmacrennan Celtic 3 Convoy Arsenal 2Milford United 3 Rathmullan Celtic 1Milford battled back from the loss of an early goal to take the spoils in the Moss Road derby which was reversed to the Flagpole Field this afternoon. Eoin Sheridan put Rathmullan ahead early on but Milford were quickly back on terms through Kyle Black. Cathal Mc Gettigan’s header put Michael Deeney’s team in front and another header from Johnny Logue early in the second half secured the win. The Hoops pushed mightily hard to find a way back but were denied by an excellent Caolan Mc Gettigan save the woodwork and some poor finishing by their standards. Three points and the derby-day bragging rights for Milford then after a well contested and sporting game. Referee: Liam Mc Laughlin. Lagan Harps 2 St. Catherines 2Lagan and St Catherines shared the points in a close fought encounter in Orchard Park. Lagan went close on five minutes when Gavin Mc Glanaghey headed a Michael Doherty free just wide. Mc Glanaghey then went close again from a narrow angle. St Catherines took the lead on ten minutes when Ryan Cunningham seized on hesitancy in the Lagan defence to fire home. Lagan responded and when Chris Toner flicked a corner back, Mark Graham’s shot was cleared off the line. Mark wasn’t to be denied and got on the end of a flowing move with Michael Doherty and Kenny Doran involved, to equalise on forty minutes .Michael Doherty struck the crossbar from a free right on halftime. Catherines went close on fifty six minutes when Daniel Breslin spun sharply and struck the crossbar. Breslin was then denied by a good save from Damien Mc Fadden as Catherines pressed again. Paul Mc Fadden restored Catherines’ lead when he bundled home after Lagan failed to clear. Lagan equalised on eighty minutes. Michael Doherty had a great run and his cross was turned in by an unfortunate defender. Lagan had a chance to win it in the final minutes when Frank Mc Brearty found Gavin Mc Glanaghey with a great pass. Unfortunately he scuffed his shot wide. All in all a draw was a fair result. For Lagan Barry O’Donnell, Ronan Gibson and Michael Doherty were best. For St Catherines Ryan Cunningham, Oran Mc Guinness and Daniel Breslin stood out. Referee was Joe Mc Hugh.Temple Domestic Appliances Division OneGweedore Celtic 3 Cappry Rovers 1This match was played at the Screaban in blustery conditions. The Celts started brightest and took the lead through Tommy Diver when he nodded home a long throw in from Odhran Mac Niallais. Odhran was again the provider on 40 minutes when he threaded a ball through to Colin Ferry who doubled the advantage. Cappry had a man sent off late in the 1st half however they started to crank up the pressure on the Screaban men in the 2nd half and were unlucky not to pull one back after Christopher Sweeney pulled off a great save from a spot kick. Shortly after they reduced the deficit when Ronan McHugh finished after being put through on goal. Late on in the game the Screaban men secured the 3 points when Tommy Diver scored his second when he volleyed into the top corner from well outside the area to make it 3-1.The Celts held on for the win as Rovers lost their first game of the season. Great team performance from Gweedore. Referee: Kevin Logue.Glenree United 1 Bonagee United 4The home side took the lead in the 35th minute when Danny Langan curled a fine free kick into the top corner . Both keepers had relatively little to do in the first half but that changed in the 2nd half when John Cunningham had to lift the ball out of his net four times. Goals in the 59th minute from Ryan Coyle, Noel Gillespie with a fine header in 65th minute, a Glenree OG in the 75th minute and the fourth coming in the 87th minute from 40 yards from Declan Brown. A good team performance from the visitors in the second half proved to be vital.CT Ball Division TwoCranford United 2 Kerrykeel ’71 F.C. 2Kerrykeel started the game on top and had a number of chances before taking the lead through Jimmy Coyle on 20 minutes. Cranford then had some half chances just before half time. After the break both times were creating chances and on 60 minutes Donal Callaghan soared highest to score from a corner to put Kerrykeel two up. This kicked Cranford into life, creating a number of great chances. Cranford got one back with a neat finish from Joe Gallagher from inside the box. Cranford pushed hard and Brendan Giles won a penalty which Andrew Kelly converted to make 2-2. With the last kick of game Dale Mc Fadden broke free but the Kerrykeel keeper pulled off great save. Ballybofey United 2 Drumkeen United 1League Leaders Ballybofey United welcomed near neighbours Drumkeen United to Finnside for this CT Ball Division 2 encounter. The home side took a first half lead when Brian Lafferty Jnr. netted after been set up by Damien Glackin inside the opening ten minutes. The lead lasted well into the second half when the ever dangerous Peter Mc Namee shot past Chris Patton to level the scoreline. Drumkeen were then struck a blow when they were reduced to ten men, having used all their subs, losing a player through injury. Ballybofey were now too strong for the visitors and Lafferty was again on hand to head home when Glackin crossed the ball into the six yard box after good work along the left hand touchline by Gavin Doherty. Referee: James Malseed.Lifford Celtic 3 Whitestrand United 1Lifford started bright in this game and should’ve gone in front on 5 minutes from a great free kick from David Gethins. Lifford did go one up after 10 minutes when a great ball from Daniel Lindsay played in Jason Mc Brearty and the striker kept his cool to chip the keeper from 20 yards out. David Gethins then played a ball into the box on 30 minutes and striker Hamilton headed just over under pressure. Lifford piled on the pressure and went close again when Matthew Carlin played in Mc Brearty but with the angle against him he fired just wide. Whitestrand started the 2nd half well and forced Lifford keeper Dylan Early into a fantastic save on 50 minutes. The hard work paid off for an improved Whitestrand on 55 minutes after a nice move in the middle caught out Lifford’s defence and Kevin Mc Carry finished into the bottom corner to level the game. This sparked Lifford into life and the home side were soon in front again when James Connolly fired past the keeper after a nice pass from Matthew Carlin. Lifford sealed the points on 75 minutes when Connolly found the net again after Carlin won a tackle in midfield and sent him clear to finish into the bottom corner. This was a hard earned three points for Lifford on a heavy pitch. Jason Mc Brearty was excellent for Lifford, team performance from Whitestrand.SATURDAY REPORTSSaturday 12th November 2016Glencar Inn Saturday DivisionStrand Rovers 0 Arranmore United 1Strand welcomed rivals Arranmore to Strand Park looking to avenge a defeat they suffered earlier in the season. From the start both teams fought tooth and nail. Both teams had early chances but were unable to take advantage to them. Arranmore began to take control and were rewarded when Paul Early scored after a quick counter attack. The second half was only two minutes old when Brendan Glackin came close to scoring but for a great save by John Greene. Strand continued to press looking to level the scores but a combination of good defending and bad luck kept them at bay. Brendan Brennan sent the ball just wide in the dying minutes which summed up the game for Strand who were disappointed to loose. Arranmore will be happy with their win.Glencar Celtic 2 Orchard F.C. 2GARVAN GRIEVE’S penalty rescued a draw for Glencar Celtic in the top-of-the-table clash with Orchard at Flagpole Park. Grieve drilled past Tommy McLaughlin in the 68th minute to secure a share of the spoils and ensure that Glencar stay on the coat tails of Orchard who lead the way at the top of the League by a point.Joe McCarron’s penalty seven minutes earlier put Orchard in front after Gio Peoples had cancelled out the opening goal from Glencar’s Paddy Collins. Glencar took the lead when Collins superbly lobbed the advancing McLaughlin on 28 minutes after he was picked out by Grieve’s fine cross. Orchard levelled when Peoples wonderfully controlled Eddie Moore’s pass before firing to the roof of the net. Both teams pushed hard for a winner but none was forthcoming as defences and goalkeepers held firm and the leading sides had to be content to share the dividends.Fintown Harps 1 Drumbar F.C. 0Fintown won this match when they scored with only fifteen minutes remaining. Both sides had half chances throughout the match but neither could break the deadlock. It took a 25 yard pile-driver to separate the sides in the end.Saturday Reserve DivisionGlenree United Reserves 1 Castlefin Celtic Reserves 3The first 30 minutes of this encounter were electric with both sides applying pressure with nice dynamic football and forcing the keepers into action early in the match. It was Glenree who took the lead with 10 minutes left in the first half when Mc Groddy shook of his man and expertly placed the ball into the far side of the keeper’s net and led his team into the break one up. The second half was dominated by Castlefin as the home side struggled to find the form they had shown in the first half. 20 minutes into the second half after a flurry of chances Castlefin got a deserved equaliser.Castlefin took the lead with 70 minutes gone when the striker broke through the home side’s defence and drilled the ball past Glenree’s cameo keeper for the day “Karl Mc Ilinney” and into the net. Castlefin wrapped up the match with 15 minutes left when they broke from midfield on the counter attack. Best for Glenree: Sean Clyde, Cathal McGinley Jr., and Padraig Mac Ginty. Team Effort by Castlefin St. Catherines Reserves 2 Keadue Rovers Reserves 0Both teams lined out with a youthful look today and it was the youths of St. Catherines that shone the brightest in Emerald Park. Brandon MC Ginley scuffed his shot after breaking into the box on 12minutes but the ball fortunately broke to Callum Quinn who slotted home comfortably for the saints. It was a game of few chances and Keadue came close to equalising on the half hour after Shane Byrne, who had an impressive game for the visitors, shot wide. Just before half time Charlie Boyle, who ran himself into the ground all game, was barged over in the box and Seamus Mc Groary had no choice but point to the spot. A cool head in Rory Murray drove the penalty low and hard to give the home team a 2-0 lead at half time. Keadue pressed hard and had most of the procession in the second half, even striking the crossbar at one stage but could not find the elusive breakthrough.Donegal Town Reserves 0 Kilmacrennan Celtic Reserves 0Chances for both teams were few and far between throughout this stalemate. The first half was a battle of the midfields and the game remained scoreless at half time. The second half played out similar to the first. Gary Ward came closest to scoring for Donegal on 70 minutes but he was unlucky to see his shot slide wide of the post. Donegal were unlucky again not to open the scoring on 75 minutes, Ward’s wiped cross into the 6 yard box was headed just wide of the post by David Ted Bustard. Kilmacrennan will feel they were the stronger side for much of the second half but they failed to create any clear chances and Donegal remained resistant in defence.Cappry Rovers Reserves 2 Glenea United Reserves 2It was all go from the moment the whistle blew at Cappry Park. Benji O’Meara’s home side knew they had a tough challenge ahead against the league leaders, Glenea. Cappry got the game off to a good start putting plenty of pressure on the visitors and holding off any challenges to break through their back line. In the 22nd minute Cappry left back Darren Bonner took a free kick from outside the Glenea’s box and nailed it straight into the back of the net. In the final 15 minutes of the first half Glenea came back into the game dominating possession and with five minutes until the break managed to get a goal to level the score line. Both teams equally shared possession and chances. Conor and Shane Laverty controlled the midfield well while NP Mc Daid dazzled the opponents every time he possessed the ball. Cappry kept the pressure on and it paid off on the 60th minute when winger Shaun Bannigan put the home team ahead again with a right footed shot from inside the Glenea penalty area to make it 2-1. Glenea came back fighting and in the 64th minute were denied a goal thanks to a brilliant save from Cappry goalkeeper, Bari Duncan. The game continued with end to end action and in the 83rd minute, Glenea found the back of the net for the 2seond time to equalise. A very entertaining game with both teams putting in excellent performances.RESULTSSaturday 12th November 2016Glencar Inn Saturday DivisionStrand Rovers 0 v 1 Arranmore UnitedGlencar Celtic 2 v 2 Orchard F.C.Fintown harps 1 v 0 Drumbar F.C.Saturday Reserve DivisionGlenree United Reserves 1 v 3 Castlefin Celtic ReservesSt. Catherines Reserves 2 v 0 Keadue Rovers ReservesDonegal Town Reserves 0 v 0 Kilmacrennan Celtic ReservesCappry Rovers Reserves 2 v 2 Glenea United Reserves Sunday 13th November 2016Brian Mc Cormick Sports Premier DivisionKilmacrennan Celtic 3 v 2 Convoy ArsenalMilford United 3 v 1 Rathmullan CelticLagan Harps 2 v 2 St. CatherinesTemple Domestic Appliances Division OneGweedore Celtic 3 v 1 Cappry RoversGlenree United 1 v 4 Bonagee UnitedCT Ball Division TwoCranford United 2 v 2 Kerrykeel ’71 F.C.Ballybofey United 2 v 1 Drumkeen UnitedLifford Celtic 3 v 1 Whitestrand UnitedFIXTURESSaturday 19th November 2016 K.O. 2 p.m. (Unless Stated)Glencar Inn Saturday DivisionArranmore United v Orchard F.C. (K.O. 1 p.m.)Drumbar F.C. v Strand RoversDunlewey Celtic v Fintown Harps AFCSaturday Reserve DivisionSt. Catherines Reserves v Glenree United ReservesDonegal Town Reserves v Milford United ReservesGlenea United Reserves v Erne Wanderers ReservesKilmacrennan Celtic Reserves v Keadue Rovers ReservesSunday 20th November 2016 K.O. 2p.m. (Unless Stated)Brian Mc Cormick Sports Premier DivisionConvoy Arsenal v Kildrum TigersDrumoghill F.C. v Rathmullan CelticGlenea United v Lagan HarpsKilmacrennan Celtic v Milford UnitedCastlefin Celtic v St. CatherinesTemple Domestic Appliances Division OneBonagee United v Erne WanderersKeadue Rovers v Glenree UnitedDonegal Town v Gweedore UnitedCappry Rovers v Raphoe TownDeele Harps v Gweedore CelticCT Ball Division TwoWhitestrand United v Curragh AthleticCranford United v Eany CelticLifford Celtic v Letterbarrow CelticDunkineely Celtic v Drumkeen UnitedCopany Rovers v Ballybofey UnitedDonegal League: All the reports, results and fixtures was last modified: November 13th, 2016 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest The cool, wet conditions that have been tough for planting corn and soybeans have been great for wheat growth and development. The conditions may also be setting up nicely for diseases, however.Wheat is starting to head out in some parts of Ohio and now is the time to keep a close eye on disease issues.“On average, it usually takes about five days from full head emergence (Feekes 10.5) to flowering, and flowering is usually over in about the same number of days. However, flowering could take a bit longer to occur and the flowering window could be much wider under cool conditions similar to those forecasted for the next week or so,” wrote Pierce Paul and Jorge David Salgado with Ohio State University Extension in a recent CORN Newsletter. “Once wheat begins to flower, scab and vomitoxin become our biggest concerns. It is therefore time for a refresher on head scab, and some useful tips to help you use the scab forecasting system to monitor the risk of this disease.“Scab develops best and the risk is highest when wet, humid weather conditions occur during flowering. These conditions favor the production of spore by the scab fungus, Fusarium graminearum, infection of the wheat heads, development of the disease, and production of vomitoxin. Scab not only affects wheat, it also affects barley and other small grains, causing significant grain yield and quality losses, particularly if the variety is susceptible and the right fungicide is not applied at the correct growth stage.”The challenge, of course, is that it is hard to scout ahead of time to monitor and treat head scab in wheat.“Unlike foliar diseases, you cannot wait until you see scab symptoms to make a fungicide application,” they said. “It usually takes two to three weeks for symptoms to develop; by that time it is too late to apply a fungicide. If it rains and you cannot apply the fungicide at the recommended flowering stage for wheat or heading for barley, you can still get good control with applications made about four to six days after the recommended time.”The scab risk tool at http://www.wheatscab.psu.edu/ can be used to effectively monitor the risk for scab and as a guide for making fungicide application. The tool is currently showing that the risk is moderate to high in much of Ohio for wheat already flowering.While head scab is of greatest concern in wheat, it is not the only concern. Mark Apelt, a regional products specialist for Beck’s Hybrids, recently pointed out some other possible concerns for the wheat crop.“We are starting to see stripe rust enter several wheat fields in southern Ohio,” Apelt said. “The disease has progressed rapidly in some wheat fields due to the cooler temperatures we have been experiencing. Stripe rust thrives during temperatures in the mid-60s, which is exactly where our temperatures have been over the past few weeks. Stripe rust does not progress as rapidly at temperatures over 80 degrees.”In addition, the wheat spindle streak virus has also been found in Ohio.“This disease can also cause some yellowing on the leaves, but does not have the orange pustules that wheat stripe rust has. The disease also proliferates with cooler temperatures. Wheat spindle streak is a virus and cannot be controlled by fungicides. Warmer temperatures will stop the spread,” Apelt said.Another possible issue to watch for is an armyworm problem.“Although I have not seen any armyworms yet, there is still a chance that these may still become a problem. Consider using an insecticide if you decide to use fungicides for head scab or stripe rust. There were some significant captures of armyworm adults at the end of March and early to mid-April that could cause problems as the larvae continue to grow,” Apelt said. “The good news is that we have the potential for some very high-yielding wheat this year. We’ve had a lot of fall tillers, very little winter kill, and large head size from what I have seen. The cooler temperatures have also been beneficial as that is when wheat performs best. “
GREEN PRODUCT GUIDE According to C.P. Chemical, the foam won’t melt, and won’t support combustion. Its combustion byproducts are “significantly less toxic” than those of white pine.Like polyurethane insulation, Tripolymer is a two-part compound. Unlike polyurethane foams, Tripolymer 105 does not expand as it’s applied. It solidifies within 30 seconds and has a density of between 0.8 lb. and 1.3 lb. per cubic foot. Cured Tripolymer has a perm rating of 15.5 to 16.9 per inch and R-5.1 per inch. The company says it shows no thermal degradation over time.Here’s where the confusion sets in.Cassie responds that tripolymer is urea-formaldehyde insulation. “It is plastic. Will not burn, but it will melt and the fumes will kill you. Recently marketed in Canada under the name Retro foam. Once the Canadian government found out, the company was shut down and is now in a 500 million dollar lawsuit. Marketed around the US by various names the producer is CP Chemical out of White Plains New York.”Cassie is half right. There is indeed a product called RetroFoam , sold by Polymaster in Knoxville, TN.And it is a urea-formaldehyde insulation that is identified on the company’s Web site as a “tri-polymer resin.”Banned in CanadaHealth Canada in February 2009 issued an advisory warning consumers that RetroFoam of Canada “imported and illegally sold” a product that had been banned there since 1980 under the country’s Hazardous Products Act.“Health Canada issued a ‘cease and desist’ letter to RetroFoam of Canada Incorporated, the Canadian importer of the insulation, to stop all importation and sale of RetroFoam in Canada,” the advisory said. “Health Canada also instructed Enerliv, the Canadian distributor of RetroFoam, to stop all sale, advertisement and further installations of the product and to call back any unused product.”The problem is off-gassing formaldehyde, a chemical that can cause a variety of health problems and is listed by the Environmental Protection Agency as a possible carcinogen in humans.Urea-formaldehyde is found in some pressed wood products, such as particleboard, hardwood plywood paneling and medium density fiberboard.Urea-formaldehyde foam insulation (UFFI) installed during the 1970s resulted in “relatively high indoor concentrations of formaldehyde,” the EPA says. “Few homes are now being insulated with this product. Studies show that formaldehyde emissions from UFFI decline with time; therefore, homes in which UFFI was installed many years ago are unlikely to have high levels of formaldehyde now.”True enough, Polymaster says, RetroFoam is banned in Canada, as well as in California, Massachusetts and Vermont.But, the company adds, the insulation has been reformulated since its original introduction and now meets federal emission standards. Some regulatory agencies just haven’t caught up.No connection, says C.P. ChemicalFair or not, urea-formaldehyde foam insulation has a bad reputation and still makes potential home buyers nervous. RetroFoam’s use of the word “tri-polymer” may be a marketing detour around the problem. Click on “About” at the company’s Web site and you’ll look in vain for any mention of its urea-formaldehyde formulationBut whatever similarities in Web-site jargon, there is no connection between RetroFoam and C.P. Chemical, maker of Tripolymer 105.None, C.P. says. Nor is Tripolymer 105 a urea-formaldehyde product.In the end, we have two different products, both of which differ from polyurethane foams, king of the high-performance insulation market.We asked Alex Wilson, founder of BuildingGreen and publisher of the GreenSpec Directory for his take on the question:First, Wilson says, it’s “remarkably difficult” to get detailed, reliable information from foam manufacturers. Urea-formaldehyde was a real problem back in the 1970s, enough so that the Canadian government launched a program to remove it from houses, Wilson says. As a result, some manufacturers shifted to a phenol-formaldehyde formulation that proved better at chemically binding formaldehyde and lowering emissions.The same can be said of certain wood products: products made with phenol-formaldehyde resin off-gas less than urea-formaldehyde products.Polyurethane foams may be the better choiceWilson says his “expectation” would be that polyurethane foams are, on the whole, healthier choices. After they have cured, VOC emissions are extremely low and the foam should pose no problems to all but those who have chemical sensitivities. In any event, they don’t off-gas formaldehyde. He’s “not as confident” of either phenol- or urea-formaldehyde products.Bottom Line: Third-party testing neededIn the end, he adds, the discussion points to the benefits of a third-party testing program that does not currently exist. That would make it easier for consumers like Cordano to get basic health and safety information about products they’re tempted to put into their homes. VIDEO: Green Builder Won’t Compromise on the Envelope InsulationSprayed Insulation When builders talk about spray-foam insulation, we assume they’re referring to a two-part polyurethane compound. But not always, as a recent Q&A demonstrates.Amanda Cordano launched an interesting but inconclusive conversation when she asked for advice on “Tripolymer product,” which had been told was a green product with no health risks.Cordano found nothing to contradict that in her queries on the web, but she points out that all the sites she found were sponsored by foam companies. “Do you have any information on the potential downside of this foam?” she asks.Which ‘tripolymer’ is it?The first step might be to identify exactly what Cordano is asking about. “Tripolymer” is a product of C.P. Chemical Co. of White Plains, NY, marketed as Tripolymer 105. The company says it is composed of “modified phenolic based methylene bound copolymers” that were first developed by C.P. Chemical in 1966 as a fire resistant thermal and acoustic insulation. RELATED MULTIMEDIA Does Spray Foam Insulation Out-Gas Poisonous Fumes?Insulation ChoicesSpray Foam Insulation: Open and Closed CellPRO/CON: Open-Cell Foam Beats Closed-Cell FoamPRO/CON: Closed-Cell Foam Beats Open-Cell Foam RELATED ARTICLES
Incoming comet ISON was obviously on a perilous path. The “dirty snowball” was on course to swing by the sun less than one solar diameter above the sun’s searing surface on 28 November, Thanksgiving Day in the United States. This view from the SOHO spacecraft dramatically illustrates ISON’s close passage through the sun’s streaming solar wind and around the sun (here inserted from another image to give a sense of scale). But astronomers are reporting ominous signs, such as a peak in overall brightness, suggesting that the shrouded ball of ice and dust at the center of the comet has broken up into nothing more than a cloud of dust. Direct confirmation of ISON’s disintegration must await spacecraft observations in the next few days.See more ScienceShots.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)