October 2

Gender equality – Still a long way to go

A group of girls take time out for a photo at a high school in Colombia Progress was made in higher education, too, with Latin America and the Caribbean taking the lead on the number of girls enrolled at the secondary level – 107 girls for every 100 boys – and at the tertiary level – 128 women for every 100 men, according to the UN. By contrast, in sub-Saharan Africa, only 64 women are enrolled for every 100 men at the tertiary level. World Bank/Charlotte Kesl Read more: ‘Wake-up call’ data shows 63 million adolescents out of school – joint UN agency report UN Women captures the journey of women’s rights from 1911-2015 #PhotoHolder3 {display:none;} .carousel-caption {-ms-filter:”progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.Alpha(Opacity=50)”; background:none repeat scroll 0 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.4); filter: alpha(opacity=70);} .carousel-caption a {font-weight:bold;color:#ffffff;} .carousel-caption p, .carousel-caption h4 {text-shadow: 1px 1px #000;} .carousel-caption p.pright {text-align:right;font-size:10px;font-style: italic} #sidebar {display:none;} div#story-content .span8 {width:100% !important} #myCarousel {width:90% !important} Women in Woukpokpoe village, Benin, have access to clean water thanks to a community development project More than two billion people worldwide have gained access to clean drinking water since 1990, says the UN, but women still have to spend 16 million hours per day collecting water in 25 sub-Saharan countries, as opposed to men who spend 6 million hours per day doing the same. World Bank/Arne Hoel Read more: Maternal death rates fall but chronic diseases increase pregnancy risk – UN agency A new mother gets a check-up at a maternity ward in Bamako, Mali Women’s health has improved, says the UN, with maternal deaths down 45 per cent since 1990, but 800 women still die every day from preventable pregnancy-related causes. World Bank/Dominic Chavez Read more: Midwives can prevent two-thirds of deaths among women and newborns – UN report Women workers at a bank in Vientiane, Laos More women are in senior management positions, but there are still relatively few. Of companies on the Fortune 500 list, for example, only 25 are led by women. However, this is up from only one in 1998, according to the UN. World Bank/Antony Read more: UN study finds increase in women managers, urges greater efforts for workforce equality Working alongside her male team member, a woman employee checks the quality of work at a dam under construction in Sri Lanka Women have been gaining ground in the workforce, too, but not enough, says the UN. Although the number of women in paid employment has risen from 40 per cent in the 1990s to more than 50 per cent today, women earn from 10 to 30 per cent less than men for performing the same work. World Bank/Lakshman Nadaraja Read more: Despite progress, UN labour agency says women’s workplace equality may take ‘decades’ A young woman from a fishing community in West Bengal, India When the leaders of 189 countries gathered in Beijing at the landmark 1995 International Conference on Women, they took up the challenge to create a world where women are equal. Two decades later, women still face obstacles and injustice. Although some countries have removed discriminatory laws, and some gains have been made towards women’s advancement, progress has been slow and uneven and no country has achieved gender parity, says UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in a new report. UN Women/Anindit Roy- Chowdhury Read more: UN kicks off International Women’s Day celebrations with appeal for gender equality Young girls at school in Afghanistan Educating women and girls is a driving force against poverty worldwide. Since the 1990s, progress has been made in all developing regions in achieving gender parity in primary school education, the UN reports. The bad news is that more than half of the world’s 58 million out-of-school children are girls, a large number of whom live in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. World Bank/Sofie Tesson /Taimani Films Read more: UN rights report points to ‘increasing regularity’ of attacks on girls seeking education Nurses in training in Sudan raise their hands if they have had loved ones who have died in childbirth To reduce mother and child mortality, the international partners have been working with local communities to train women as nurses and midwives. World Bank/Salahaldeen Nadir Read more: Every dollar invested in water, sanitation brings four-fold return in costs – UN Delegates gather in New York to renew pledges towards achieving women’s empowerment “The world will never realise 100 per cent of its goals if 50 per cent of its people cannot realise their full potential,” warned Secretary-General Ban as he addressed representatives of Governments, civil society and UN bodies gathered in New York for the 2015 session of the UN Commission on the Status of Women (above). Over the Commission’s two-week session, delegates will assess gaps and renew commitments with the goal of achieving a world of gender equality by the year 2030. UN Photo/Loey Felipe Read more: Adopting political declaration, UN urges world to ‘step it up’ to ensure gender equality by 2030 ‹ › Men and women parliamentarians in Tajikistan (file) Women’s participation in political life is growing. In the last twenty years, the number of women members of parliament have nearly doubled, but that only brings the total of women parliamentarians to 22 per cent overall, the UN says. In fact, there are still five countries where not a single woman is represented in parliament. And there are only about 20 heads of State and Government who are women. World Bank/Gennadiy Ratushenko Read more: FEATURE: In report to UN, record number of women winning seats in Parliaments Twenty years since the world signed on to the 1995 Beijing Declaration and Platform of Action – a blueprint for gender equality – women of the world are still subject to sexual violence and lag behind men in an array of critical aspects of life, like health, education, wages, property ownership and political participation. Yet some gains have made, albeit slow and uneven, the UN says. Activists picket outside Nepal’s Constituent Assembly demanding justice for survivors of sexual violence (2014) Many countries have adopted policies to advance gender equality, remove discrimination and address gender violence. But in war and in peace, too many women and girls are targets of sexual violence that traumatizes individuals, fractures communities and holds back development, the UN says. IRIN/Mallika Aryal Read more: Eradicating sexual violence in Colombia requires investment in communities – UN envoy Security Council holds open debate on women and peace and security (2014) Through its pioneering resolution 1325 (2000), the UN Security Council recognized that war impacts women differently than men and stressed the need to increase women’s participation in peace talks. Yet, from 1992 to 2011, only nine per cent of negotiators at the peace table were women, according to the UN. UN Women/Ryan Brown Read more: UN reaffirms importance of women’s empowerment for global peace, security

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Posted October 2, 2019 by admin in category "eaymjywy

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